The Mangosteen, if scientific research is any indication, is perhaps the most important fruit on earth.
The first scientific article on the mangosteen’s medicinal properties was written hundreds of years ago. At the present time, researchers in countries a…
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History & Folklore of Mangosteen
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is a tropical fruit has been used as a traditional indigenous medicine across Southeast Asia (Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka) for treatment of a wide range of ailments including fighting infections, healing wounds, and treating diarrhea and related gastrointestinal complaints. Mangosteen is known to contain a wide range of naturally-occurring polysaccharide and xanthone compounds within the fruit, leaves, heartwood, and especially the pericarp (rind/peel/hull) with widespread biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-proliferative, immunostimulatory, and antibacterial/antiviral effects in a number of experiments.
The pleasant taste (sweet and slightly acidic) and medicinal qualities of the reddish-purple mangosteen fruit have led to its common name as “Queen of Fruits”. The demonstration of widespread biological effects of mangosteen-derived compounds, and especially of the family of bioactive xanthones (polyphenolic compounds, of which more than 1,000 have been described in nature, 18 isolated from mangosteen fruit, and 60 from the pericarp), suggest a scientific basis for the historical medicinal use of mangosteen preparations in Southeast Asian traditional medicine systems, including Ayurvedic medicine. More “modern” health benefits of mangosteen preparations have been described in cases of arthritis, cancer), wounds, inflammation, ulcers, eczema, acne, allergies, and abdominal pain, among many others.